Remember…remember…the 5th of November !

Most of us have seen the movie but how many know the story is actually based on a real fact ?

V, in V from Vendetta

V for Vendetta is a graphic novel written by Alan Moore and illustrated by David Lloyd. The story displays a totalitarian near-apocalyptic future history …..in the 1990s, preceded by a nuclear war in the 1980s, which has left much of the world destroyed.

In this near future, a fascist party exterminated its opponents in concentration camps and now rules the country as a police state.

The comics follow its titular character and main protagonist, V, an anarchist revolutionary dressed in a Guy Fawkes mask, as V begins an elaborate, violent, and intentionally theatrical revolutionist campaign to murder his former captors, bring down the government, and convince the people to rule themselves, while inspiring a young woman, Evey Hammond, to be his protégé.

The film produced by Warner Bros. Pictures was released in 2006.

V from Vendetta

But who was Guy Fawkes ?

According to wikipedia, Guy Fawkes (13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606), “also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish in the Low Countries, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.

Fawkes was born and educated in York. His father died when Fawkes was eight years old, after which his mother married a recusant Catholic. Fawkes later converted to Catholicism and left for the continent, where he fought in the Eighty Years’ War on the side of Catholic Spain against Protestant Dutch reformers. He travelled to Spain to seek support for a Catholic rebellion in England but was unsuccessful. He later met Thomas Wintour, with whom he returned to England.

Wintour introduced Fawkes to Robert Catesby, who planned to assassinate King James I and restore a Catholic monarch to the throne. The plotters secured the lease to an undercroft beneath the House of Lords, and Fawkes was placed in charge of the gunpowder they stockpiled there. Prompted by the receipt of an anonymous letter, the authorities searched Westminster Palace during the early hours of 5 November, and found Fawkes guarding the explosives. Over the next few days, he was questioned and tortured, and eventually he broke. Immediately before his execution on 31 January, Fawkes jumped from the scaffold where he was to be hanged and broke his neck, thus avoiding the agony of the mutilation that followed.

Fawkes became synonymous with the Gunpowder Plot, the failure of which has been commemorated in Britain since 5 November 1605. His effigy is traditionally burned on a bonfire, commonly accompanied by a firework display.”

The Gunpowder plot

On 5 November 1605 Londoners were encouraged to celebrate the King’s escape from assassination by lighting bonfires, “always provided that ‘this testemonye of joy be carefull done without any danger or disorder'”.An Act of Parliament has designated November 5 as a day of thanksgiving for “the joyful day of deliverance”. Although he was only one of 13 conspirators, Fawkes is today the individual most associated with the failed Plot.

a Guy Fawkes fire on november 5 th.

According to Historian Lewis Call, Fawkes has become “a major icon in modern political culture”. Also, according to him, image of Fawkes’s face became “a potentially powerful instrument for the articulation of postmodern anarchism” during the late 20th century, exemplified by the mask worn by V in the comic book series V for Vendetta, who fights against a fictional fascist English state.

Guy Fawkes is sometimes toasted as “the last man to enter Parliament with honest intentions”

sources : wikipedia.org

special thanks to Vicky !

we recommend :

the 59 quotes from V from Vendetta

an interview by Alan Moore on Guy Fawkes, symbols and Anonymous

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