World War II : After the war

Jewish survivors from the Buchenwald concentration camp, arriving on July 15, 1945 in Haifa port. Some still wear their camp clothing.

Holocaust survivors arrive in Israel

Communist leader Kim Il Sung chats with a farmers from Qingshanli, Kangso County in North Korea, october, 1945.

Kim Il Sung

This is the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer), the first general purpose electronic computer. Built in 1946, it weighed 30 tons and was housed at the University of Pennsylvania. Developed in secret starting in 1943 by the military, ENIAC was initially designed to calculate artillery firing tables for the United States Army’s Ballistic Research Laboratory.
The inventors of ENIAC promoted the development of the new technologies throughout a series of influential scientific lectures at the University of Pennsylvania in 1946, known as the Moore School Lectures. (AP Photo)


Nuclear test codenamed “Baker”, part of Operation Crossroads, at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands, on July 25, 1946.
The 40 kiloton atomic bomb was detonated by the U.S. at a depth of 27 meters below the ocean surface, 3.5 miles from the atoll.
The purpose of the tests was to study the effects of nuclear explosions on military ships. (NARA)

Atomic Bomb below the ocean

New buildings are built out of the ruins of Hiroshima, Japan, March 1946.

New housing in Hiroshima

U.S. General George S. Patton, on June 9, 1945, during a parade through downtown Los Angeles, California, .

General S. Patton in LA in june 1945

German women clearing up the debris in Berlin, 1945. Kaiser Wilhelm Church ruins are seen in the background. The absence of able bodied men meant that the responsibility for clearing the wreckage fell mainly to civilian women, which were called “Truemmerfrauen,” or rubble ladies. The signs on the left mark the border between the British-occupied sector and the U.S. sector of the city. (AP Photo)

Berlin 1945

The scene in Berlin’s Republic Square, before the ruined Reichstag, on September 9, 1948, as Anti-Communists, estimated at a quarter of a million, scream their opposition to Communism. At the time, the Soviet Union was enforcing the Berlin Blockade, blocking Allied access to the parts of Berlin under Allied control. In response, Allies began the Berlin Airlift until the Soviets lifted the blockade in 1949, and East Germany and West Germany were established. (AP-Photo)

Berlin 1945

In March of 1974, some 29 years after the official end of World War II, Hiroo Onoda, a former Japanese Army intelligence officer, walks out of the jungle of Lubang Island in the Philippines, where he was finally relieved of duty. He handed over his sword (hanging from his hip in photo), his rifle, ammunition and several hand grenades. Onoda had been sent to Lubang Island in December of 1944 to join an existing group of soldiers and hamper any enemy attacks. Allied forces overtook the island just a few months later, capturing or killing all but Onoda and three other Japanese soldiers. The four ran into the hills and began a decades-long insurgency extending well past the end of the war. Several times they found or were handed leaflets notifying them that the war had ended, but they refused to believe it. In 1950, one of the soldiers turned himself in to Philippine authorities. By 1972, Onoda’s two other compatriots were dead, killed during guerrilla activities, leaving Onoda alone. In 1974, Onoda met a Japanese college dropout, Norio Suzuki, who was traveling the world, and through their friendship, Onoda’s former commanding officer was located and flew to Lubang Island to formally relieve Onoda of duty, and bring him home to Japan. Over the years, the small group had killed some 30 Filipinos in various attacks, but Onoda ended up going free, after he received a pardon from President Ferdinand Marcos. (AP Photo)

The japanese soldier who fought the war until 1974

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